The rapid development of preventive and protective health services in the workplace has been driven by government strategies and proposals , also as for the ecu Union legislation within areas of health and safety at work and for the ecu commission program in public health. This was also largely thanks to the new demands and expectations of employers, workers and their representative bodies by recognizing the economic, social and health benefits that are obtained with the provision of these services in the workplace, thus providing the available knowledge and evidence necessary to the continuum improvement of health management at work. Comprehensive management of occupational health maybe a process that involves all stakeholders within and outdoors any business aims to empower them. require control over their own health and the health of their family considering environmental, lifestyle, occupational and social health determinants and the quality of health care. is supported principles of health promotion and creates an excellent challenge for health, environment and safety professionals who provide services, advice, information and education to social partners at work. It also implies taking care of the considerable socio-economic interest of all the stakeholders involved. is It has been shown in several cases that the company using a well-managed, research-based occupational health service can gain a competitive advantage by:

Protect human health against health and safety hazards that occur within work environment
Promote healthy workplaces for all ages and healthy aging through an appropriate work culture, work organization and support for social cohesion.
promoting psychological state healthy lifestyle and the prevention of the main non-communicable diseases using specific occupational health policies and management tools.
Maintain work capacity, therefore, also employability throughout working life.
Reduce health care costs caused by injuries, illnesses, illnesses, and premature retirement of employees and employers that result from or are influenced by occupational, environmental, lifestyle, and social health determinants
Use resources effectively, protect the natural environment, and create an environment conducive to health.
Improve social communication and literacy in health, environment and ethics.
This series of articles describes the author’s observations. of varied Roles played by the occupational health nurse. While acknowledging the wide variation that exists in occupational health nursing practice among different industrial and manual settings, this series reflects standards that have already been achieved where occupational health nursing is at its most advanced. However is be recognized that the grade education, professional skills and therefore the existing national legislation determines which role They are often actually performed by occupational health nurses. Even more important is remember that nobody professional outside of the existing healthcare professions in the workplace is now able to meet all the healthcare needs of the workforce. A multidisciplinary approach is required to effectively manage the increasing workplace health and safety demands in business today.

The use of health services in the workplace the talents of the many professionals as occupational physicians, safety engineers, occupational hygienists, occupational health nurses, ergonomists, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, laboratory technicians, psychologists and other specialists. The role and tasks actually performed for business by representatives of various Health and safety professions vary greatly depending on legislative needs, the scope of the workplace health concept perceived by managers, compliance practice, the grade of his education, position within occupational health infrastructure, actions carried out by insurance institutions and more other factors. Occupational health nurses are the most important important the only group of health professionals who are involved in the delivery of health services in the workplace and have the most important role to play within occupational health management. they are on the front lines to help protect and promote the health of the nation’s working population.

The role of the occupational health nurse in occupational health management maybe a new and exciting concept that is designed to improve health management and health related problems within Workplace. Occupational health nurses can play a serious role in the protection and improvement of the health of the active population as a part of this strategy occupational health nurses also can do a serious contribution to sustainable development, improvement of competitiveness, job security and increased profitability of companies and communities by addressing those factors that are associate with the health of the working population. Helping climb back insalubrity Occupational health nurses can help increase the profitability and performance of organizations and reduce health care costs. occupational health nurses also can aid climb back the externalization of costs to the taxpayer, through the prevention of disability and social exclusion, and through the improvement of rehabilitation services at work. By protecting and promoting the health of the working population and promoting social inclusion, occupational health nurses also can do a great contribution to the construction of a solidary social ethos within the United Kingdom . this text provides guidance to employers and employees on establishing workplace health management systems within their own organizations. In the way to determine and develop the role and functions of the occupational health nursing specialist within each company and where travel extra help and advice on reference to occupational health nursing.

Changing nature of working life and therefore the new challenges

The world of work has undergone a huge change within last hundred years. TO a huge How far have the very heavy, dirty and dangerous industries come, and therefore the the disease burden that came with them, in most European countries, has decreased. However, the new environments and working conditions of work that have replaced them have given rise to new and different concerns about the health of the working population. Exposure to physical, chemical, biological and psychosocial risk factors at work are now much more clearly related to health outcomes within mind of The general public. expectations of society in reference to Health at work has also changed, with increasing demands for better standards of protection at work and for the development of the standard of working life. employers They are also Recognizing that problems related to health, as sick leave, litigation and compensation costs, increased insurance premiums, are costly; ignore them can cause serious economic consequences. the simplest Employers emphasize the important message that healthiness It is sweet business, which a lot They are often accomplished during this field only for introducing good management practices.

The need for workplace management

There are approximately 400 million people that add the Member States of the EU. most who spends quite one half his waking life at work. However, fatal accidents at work are still common. Standardized incidence rates per 100,000 workers within European Union show that the victim rate varies between 1.6 within United Kingdom at 13.9 in Spain, with Austria, Greece, France, Italy and Portugal above 5.0%. within throughout the European region there are approximately 200 to 7500 non-fatal accidents per 100,000 employees annually of which about 10% are severe Resulting in more than 60 days of absence from work, and up to To five by year, cause permanent disability. is it has been estimated that the totality cost to society of work related injuries and insalubrity within European Union is between 185 billion and 270 billion ecus annually which represents between 2.6% and 3.8% of the Gross National Product (GNP) in the member states. the value of accidents at work and insalubrity both in financial and human terms, it remains A great a largely unrecognized burden in the UK. most of these accidents and illnesses can are avoided if appropriate measures have been taken in the workplace. Many responsible employers have consistently shown that by listening To them affairs this type Of damage and therefore the subsequent costs They are often avoided, to advantage of all interested. growing concern is that he increasing awareness of work stress. Up to 42% of work ers during a recent survey complained about the high pace of work. Job insecurity, fear of unemployment, lack of a diary salary and therefore the potential loss of work capacity are all additional sources of stress, even for those employee .
The broad social and health effects of job stress on the health of the workforce are well documented. For example 23% of the surveyed workers affirmed that They had been absent from work for work-related health reasons within previous twelve months. The cost resulting from absence due to illness in United Kingdom is taken into account be substantial. within United Kingdom 177 million working days were lost in 1994 as results of sick leave; this has been assessed at over $11 billion in lost productivity. HSE statistics are encouraging given in 2009; only 29.3 million days were lost in total, 24.6 million thanks to work related insalubrity and 4.7 million thanks to workplace injury. Much of this load insalubrity and therefore the the resulting sick leave is caused by, or it forms worse for working conditions. even where insalubrity it’s not caused directly by work, but by other non-occupational factors as smoking, lifestyle, diet, etc. designed interventions to improve the health of the working population, provided in the workplace, can help climb back even more the burden of insalubrity . Currently the socioeconomic impact of environmental pollution caused by industrial processes on the active population is uncertain, but is likely to further contribute to the burden of insalubrity in some communities.

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