Many women experience hormonal fluctuations at some point in their lives. Hormonal imbalance occurs when the endocrine gland does not work properly. It occurs due to diabetes, stress, a sedentary lifestyle, lack of exerciseand improper eating habits. Hormonal imbalance causes PCOD, thyroid problems, and infertility. To keep the condition at bay, one must eat a well-balanced diet, get some physical activity, and get a good night’s sleep, experts say.
Dr. Kaishreen Khan, obstetrician and gynecologist at the Apollo Clinic in Pune, says: “Women in the middle age group (20-50 years) encounter a hormonal imbalance due to a sedentary lifestyle, mental stress, high body fat percentage or an excess or lack of activity. thyroid. Symptoms of hormonal imbalance are mood swings, poor sleep, decreased libido, weight gain, anxiety, tiredness, heavy and painful periods, irregular periods, late or early menstruation, excessive facial hair, acne, fatigue and anxiety. Hormonal imbalance can also cause PCOD and infertility “.
Hormones can be called messengers in the body. They tell you what to do and when. Hormones regulate mood, body temperature, sleep, growth, appetite, stress, metabolism, and reproductive cycles. Hormonal imbalance in women can be observed during puberty, pregnancy, childbirth, lactation, and menopause. Indicates a fluctuation in estrogen, progesterone, thyroxine, prolactin, and cortisol levels. Many factors hinder the endocrine system process causing the hormones to fluctuate.
Dr. Khan added that the treatment of hormonal imbalance depends on the underlying cause and “can vary from person to person.” “Your doctor will be able to determine the type of treatment that is right for you. Along with the treatment, you will also need to follow some lifestyle modifications, such as sleeping soundly at night, exercising daily for half an hour, eating a well-balanced diet, and maintain an optimal weight. Minimize the intake of packaged and sugary foods and schedule regular medical check-ups, “he explained.
“Opt for blood tests to monitor your overall health: thyroid, estrogen, prolactin, testosterone, cortisol levels. A complete blood count (CBC) test is recommended to identify a general infection, iron studies to look for iron deficiency or anemia. Since bone disease is common in women, calcium and vitamin D are recommended. Along with this cholesterol, glucose levels and liver control are also needed, ”said Dr. Prerna Agarwal, Apollo Technical Operations Diagnostics.
Regular breast and cervical cancer exams are required to look for tumors, lumps, and cysts. Women should choose Pap tests since the age of 20, added Dr. Agarwal. “Get a Pap test once a year for three consecutive years and if the sample is negative, do it every three years until you are 65 years old. It is also essential to perform a breast self-exam after each menstruation to detect any breast abnormalities as soon as possible. diagnosis and treatment can reduce morbidity and mortality rates, ”he said.