It was founded as an illegal Marxist underground movement in Shanghai a century ago, and has subsequently been defined by strict information control, surveillance and purges of dissidents, writes Patrick Baert, in the Asia Times.
There are several things that CCP does not like people discussing.
The party is one of the largest in the world and claims to have 95.1 million members, but the list of these names is never fully revealed. According to the latest figures released by the CPC Organization Department, only 6.5 million members are workers and 25.8 million are agricultural workers, compared with a majority of 41 million white-collar professionals and 19 million retired cadres. .
Another thing that the CCP does not want people to discuss is how it is financed. Your budget is never made public, while the personal wealth of your leaders is an extremely sensitive subject.
CCP members donate 2% of their income to the party. CCP members contribute up to 2% of their income to the party coffers. In 2016, an official gazette reported that the total amount of contributions for the previous year was 7.08 billion yuan ($ 1 billion). But these contributions are a small part of the CCP’s revenue, the government directly controls financial empires, businesses, hotels and factories, the Asia Times reported citing Jean-Pierre Cabestan of Hong Kong Baptist University.
Most foreign scholars of Chinese history estimate that between 40 and 70 million people in China have died as a result of the party’s policies since it came to power in 1949. These include numerous internal purges, the Great Leap Forward. (Mao Zedong’s disastrous economic policy, which led to tens of millions to starve to death), the crackdown in Tibet, the decade-long Cultural Revolution, and the 1989 crackdown on Tiananmen Square.
Human rights groups say an estimated one million Uighurs and other minorities in Xinjiang have been detained in internment camps, which Beijing says is to stamp out Islamic extremism, along with claims of imposed sterilization and forced labor.
Another thing China does not want to reveal is that hundreds of thousands of activists, lawyers and rights defenders have been detained or arrested over the years. Under Xi, the space for civil society has shrunk. More than a million officials have been punished for their crackdown on corruption, although critics say the campaign has also served as a cover to purge political rivals.
Patrick Baert also claims that a 2015 crackdown detained hundreds of lawyers and human rights activists, while in Hong Kong, dozens of people have been charged under a broad national security law that criminalizes anything considered subversion. .
Finally, the secret meetings. The CCP meetings include a five-year congress, which usually ends with almost unanimous decision-making. The high-level meetings of the 200-member Central Committee are held behind closed doors, as are those of the Political Bureau, the internal cabinet. State television usually airs an officially approved reading later. Discussions, if any, are not made public.