Diarrhea is when stools become loose or watery. Diarrhea is characterized by passing loose or watery stools three or more times a day (or more often than usual). Diarrhea occurs when fluid cannot be absorbed by the lining of the intestine or it secretes fluid on purpose.
types of diarrhea
- Acute diarrhea
- persistent diarrhea
- Chronic diarrhea
Loose watery diarrhea, which lasts a day or two, is the most common acute diarrhea. This form does not require medication and after a few days it usually goes away.
One of the most common causes of persistent diarrhoea, ‘toddler diarrhea’, is caused by a diet low in fat and high in sugar and fluids. Persistent diarrhea lasts 14 or more days.
Diarrhea is a digestive disease that produces loose or watery stools. At some point, many people experience diarrhea. These attacks are mostly acute and have no complications within a few days. However, other people living with diarrhea that lasts longer than two to four weeks is known as chronic diarrhea.
Causes of diarrhea
Diarrhea has the following causes.
- Infectious diarrhea is most commonly caused by viruses moving from one individual to another, or by consuming or drinking virus-infected food or water.
- A change in diet is also one of the causes.
- After consuming foods that contain fructose (a form of sugar or artificial sweeteners such as lactose and mannitol), some people develop diarrhea.
- Consumption of more alcohol.
- malabsorption uptake
- Surgical procedure (eg, when part of the intestine is removed)
- As a side effect, some medications can cause diarrhea. They are a common example. The balance that can lead to diarrhea can be upset. Some antacids and diabetes pills are further examples of medications that can induce diarrhea.
symptoms of diarrhea
- Belly cramps.
- Painful abs.
- The urge to go to the bathroom.
- Frequent movement of watery, loose stools.
Treatment for diarrhea
If you have severe symptoms, see your doctor. Babies and young children with diarrhea require immediate medical treatment.
Diarrhea care depends on the cause, but may include:
- A diet known as BRAT can also cure diarrhea quickly. BRAT stands for Rice, Applesauce, Bananas, and Toast. Due to the bland nature of these foods and the fact that they are starchy and low in fiber, this diet is successful. These foods have a binding effect to make stool bulkier in the digestive tract.
- To avoid dehydration, drink plenty of water.
- Take ORS (oral rehydration solutions) with the advice of a doctor.
- Oral rehydration drinks to replenish missing salts and minerals. These drinks can be purchased at pharmacies. One part unsweetened pure fruit juice mixed with four parts water is an alternative.
- Intravenous fluid replacement in severe cases
- Medications such as antibiotics and anti-nausea medications
- Diarrhea medicines, but only on the recommendation of your doctor. Anti-diarrheal medicines can keep the infection inside your body longer if your diarrhea is caused by an infection.
- Therapy for any underlying disorders, such as inflammatory bowel disease.