Head injuries are life threatening and are one of the common causes of death and disability in people. Injuries can occur due to a fall or an accident when being struck by any object on the head or while playing a sport.
Injuries can range from minor to severe. So he injuries It can be as minor as a bump, bruise, or even a cut to the head. But, one can suffer a traumatic brain injury in an accident that can lead to skull bone fractures, internal bleeding, and even brain damage. Depressed skull fractures, epidural hematoma and subdural hematoma are other types of serious head injuries that will require your timely attention, said Dr. Prashant Borade, Global Hospitals Head Intensive Care Unit, Mumbai.
It can vary from person to person depending on the severity of the head injury. Those with a mild head injury may have symptoms such as headache, sensitivity to light and sound, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, tiredness, changes in sleep patterns, balance and vision problems, and cognitive problems. If your injury is moderate to severe, the symptoms it may represent are slurred speech, unconsciousness, inability to walk, weakness that may occur on one side of the body, sweating, seizures, convulsions, fluid coming out of the ear, coma. , deep cut in the scalp, being in a vegetative state, or even changes in behavior such as irritation.
Diagnosis and treatment
Your doctor will take an X-ray, CT scan, or MRI to determine the injury and the location. Then, depending on your age, type, and location of your injury, you will be advised to undergo treatment that is appropriate for you. This may include hospitalization, surgery, stitches for severe injuries, and rest, applying ice, and observation if the injury is minimal. Do not delay in seeking treatment if the injury is severe, as doing so can even lead to death.
Tips to prevent head injuries
* Wear a helmet when traveling on a motorcycle.
* Make sure your children do not play in play areas where the surface is hard and can cause head injuries.
* You should avoid participating in sports if you are tired.
* Avoid cycling or skating on uneven surfaces.
* Replace damaged protective equipment.
* If you are in a pool, park or beach, you will need to follow the guidelines. You can end up hurting yourself if you don’t.
* Wear a seat belt while driving. Do not drive under the influence of alcohol, as it can cause accidents.
* Install bars around the house to reduce the fear of falls. Keep stairs clean to avoid falls.
* Install bars on windows to prevent falls.