Rome, June 10
Today, the Italian supreme court, in a simple but historic ceremony in the parliament building, announced the almost complete results of the referendum on the monarchy. And so, with some hesitation, the Italian Republic was born.
Since early in the morning there had been a queue outside parliament for the few seats available to the public at tonight’s ceremony.
The president of the High Court of Cassation, with six sectional presidents, all dressed in black, stood at one end of the room, with the Italian Government, while the president solemnly announced the almost complete figures of the vote. They were:
For a Republic ……… 12,672,767
For a monarchy ……. 10,688,305
The court had announced that some objections were still to be investigated and that some results were lacking, thus raising the question of whether the Republic had been officially proclaimed. Signor de Gasperi, the prime minister, thought so: it was not necessary for him to proclaim himself from a balcony, he said. “If the court has felt authorized to communicate figures that show a majority for the Republic, we understand that it means that the court is convinced that further adjustments cannot materially modify the result.”
The signor de Gasperi added that if Umberto leaves tonight or tomorrow, he still leaves as “King” of Italy. There was no personal reason for the king to leave, as he had been very well behaved.
New head of state
Thus, as of tonight, the Signor de Gasperi becomes not only prime minister but also head of the Italian state. This is a temporary measure until the first meeting of the new Constituent Assembly, which must elect the first president of Italy. This week, the communist and socialist parties have meetings of their executive councils to decide what form their participation in the new government will take. It is not yet clear whether Signor de Gasperi intends to invite any other party or group to join his new cabinet when it is formed.
Of the ten million people who voted for the Monarchy, there is a stalwart who still seems to glimpse last-minute riots. The main royalist hive here is right in front of the parliament at the headquarters of Italia Nuova, and there, in the courtyard, there is a detachment of a hundred Italian sailors who lie down with their Bren guns at night, and outside the parliament there are three Italian tanks. day and night on duty.
Tonight there are huge crowds around the palace and a rumor that is spreading is that Umberto II is expecting a second referendum. For many Republicans here, their victory is already beginning to be clouded with potential compromises that don’t bode well for the future.
On the banks of the Tiber, Signor Nenni and Signor Parri tonight commemorated Matteotti’s death there just 22 years ago. Signor Parri told a large Republican crowd: “This afternoon’s high court ceremony was like a funeral. We are here really celebrating our victory. “
Disorders in Naples
Naples, June 10
About 10,000 royalists broke into Nantes Town Hall tonight, broke a police cordon, smashed windows and raised the flag of the House of Savoy over the building. The mob attacked the offices of the republican newspaper La Voce. The police eventually dispersed them after they tried to set fire to the communist headquarters.