Paronychia can be caused by chewing or biting the nails, but it is more normal when working conditions require that the hands be wet or exposed to chemicals from time to time. Today we will talk about the treatment, causes and symptoms of paronychia. Most cases of paronychia are not serious, you don’t need to worry about it.
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What is Paronychia?
It is an infection of the skin around the nail of at least one finger or toe. Paronychia usually grows around the edge of the nail on the top or on the sides. The skin infection causes swelling, inflammation, and pain around the nail area. Because of this, pus containing it can also develop. There are two types of paronychia, acute or chronic. It depends on the duration, the speed of appearance and the infectious agents.
This infection almost develops around the finger nails. Acute paronychia is generally the result of injury or damage to the skin around the nails from picking, biting, manicuring, hangnapping, or other conditions of physical trauma. Therefore, Enterococcus and Staphylococcus bacteria are common infectious agents.
It can occur on the fingers or toes and develops slowly. It usually lasts for several weeks and after a while it comes back. Chronic paronychia develops due to more than one infectious agent, often Candida yeast and bacteria are the causes. It is more common in those who work continuously in the water.
It can occur at any age and you don’t need to worry about the available paronychia treatment.
Symptoms of Paronychia
The symptoms of paronychia are different types of skin infections. The other symptoms directly affect the nail itself. It includes:
- Cat between skin and nail
- Tenderness, redness, and swelling around the nail.
- The nail that separates from the nail bed.
- Damage or deformation of the nail.
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Cause of paronychia
This infection can develop when the skin around the nail is damaged, because these germs can also enter. There are fungi or bacteria that can cause paronychia. The most common causes are Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
Causes of damage to the skin around the nail include:
- Chewing or biting your nails
- Cutting nails too short with a nail clipper
- Too much moisture on the hands, including the continuous suction of ingrown fingernails.
How is it diagnosed?
In many cases, your doctor can diagnose paronychia simply by looking at it. Sometimes doctors may also send a sample of the infection or pus from your affected area to a lab if treatment doesn’t seem to be helping. The test will help determine the exact infectious agent and will also allow the doctor to suggest the best treatment for paronychia.
Most people are trying home treatment for paronychia, and it is often very successful in mild cases. In some cases, you have a collection of pus under the skin around the nail; If so, you can soak the infected area in warm water several times during the day and dry it completely afterward. Soaking will cause the area to drain on its own. Your doctor may also recommend an antibiotic to reduce the infection.
Sometimes patients may also need to have fluids or blisters drained from abscesses to relieve pain and speed healing. But this should be done by your doctor if necessary and it also depends on the situation. In case you have chronic paronychia, it is difficult to treat. In this case, you should talk to your doctor because home treatment is not working. A doctor will recommend an antifungal medication and will also recommend keeping the area dry. In more serious cases, surgery involves removing part of the nail. In other topical treatments that block swelling can also be used.
We told the paronychia treatment that if you want to prevent, you need to develop a good hygiene habit because it is important to prevent paronychia. This habit helps keep your hands and feet clean to prevent bacteria from getting between your nails and your skin. You have to avoid excessive exposure to water and humid environments, avoiding extra cuts with your nail clippers, biting, manicures or pedicures can also help you prevent acute infections.
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