What is depression?
Everyone has bouts of low spirits, but depression is more than just spending a few days feeling sad or unhappy. Depression can make you feel persistently sad and depressed for weeks or months at a time.
While some people believe that depression is trivial or not a genuine health problem, it is actually a real condition that affects about one in 10 people in their lifetimes. It affects people of all genders and ages, including children. online health advisor With the right support and treatment, most people make a full recovery from depression.
Common symptoms of depression include:
• Feelings of sadness or unhappiness
• Irritability or frustration, even over small things.
• Loss of interest or pleasure in normal activities.
• Insomnia or excessive sleep
• Changes in appetite
• Agitation or restlessness
• Irritability or angry outbursts
• Slow thinking, speech, or body movements
Depression affects each person differently, so symptoms can vary from person to person. Inherited traits, age, gender, and family history all play a role in how depression can affect you.
Causes of depression:
The exact cause of depression is not known. With many mental illnesses, it seems that a variety of factors may be involved. These may include:
• Neurotransmitters: These are natural brain chemicals that are related to mood. They are believed to play a direct role in depression.
• Hormones: Hormone imbalance may be involved in causing or triggering depression. Hormonal changes can result from conditions such as thyroid problems, menopause, or other conditions.
• Inherited traits: Depression is more common in people whose biological relatives also have the condition. Researchers are trying to discover genes that may be involved in causing depression.
• Life events: Various life events, such as the death or loss of a loved one, financial problems, and a lot of stress, can trigger depression in some people.
• Early Childhood Trauma: Traumatic events during childhood, such as abuse or loss of a parent, can cause permanent changes in the brain that make a person more susceptible to depression.
Treatment of depression:
There are many treatment options available to manage depression. Treatment such as medication and psychological counseling are very effective for most people.
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