Shaheed Diwas, observed on March 23, marks the day the British government executed Indian freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru for their acts of “dramatic violence” and their role in the struggle for Indian independence. The trio were hanged in Lahore Central Jail, located today in Pakistan. His contributions to the country continue to be honored to this day, and generation after generation is educated about his sacrifices through texts, stories, films, plays, etc.
On the occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted, sharing a video about the incidents that led Bhagat Singh to join the fight for freedom, notably the Jallianwala Bagh massacre, in which thousands of peaceful protesters were shot dead by order of the acting brigadier general. Reginald Dyer.
आजादी के क्रांतिदूत अमर शहीद वीर भगत सिंह, सुखदेव और राजगुरु को शहीदी दिवस पर शत-शत नमन। मां भारती के इन महान सपूतों का बलिदान देश की हर पीढ़ी के लिए प्रेरणास्रोत बना रहेगा। जय हिंद! #ShaheedDiwas pic.twitter.com/qs3SqAHkO9
– Narendra Modi (@narendramodi) March 23, 2021
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were tried and later executed for fatally shooting a 21-year-old British police officer named John Saunders, whom they had mistaken for British Police Superintendent James Scott, whom they had originally targeted. The trio believed Scott was responsible for the death of popular nationalist leader Lala Lajpat Rai, who succumbed to injuries sustained during a lathi post.
While Singh, who had publicly announced to avenge Rai’s death, went into hiding for many months after this shooting, he resurfaced together with an associate Batukeshwar Dutt, and the two, in April 1929, detonated two explosive devices within the Central Legislative Assembly. in Delhi. , and then they let themselves be stopped, while shouting the famous slogan: “Inquilab Zindabad“Or” Long live the revolution. “
He spent his time in prison protesting, seeking better living conditions for inmates. During this time, he won the sympathy of the public, especially when he joined fellow defendant Jatin Das on a hunger strike. The strike ended with Das’s death from starvation in September 1929. Two years later, Singh was convicted and hanged at the age of 23.
Remembering the sacrifices of #shaheed Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru on the occasion of #ShaheedDiwasIts indomitable courage, patriotism would always be a source of inspiration. pic.twitter.com/RSJ1QRVyyn
– Prof. Jagdish Mukhi (@jagdishmukhi) March 23, 2021
Such was his popularity that even after his death, he continued to cause a sensation in the country, which was stunned after his death. Indeed, Jawaharlal Nehru even wrote about him: “Bhagat Singh became popular not because of his act of terrorism, but because he seemed to vindicate, for the moment, the honor of Lala Lajpat Rai and, through him, the nation. It became a symbol; the act was forgotten, the symbol remained, and within a few months every city and village in Punjab, and to a lesser extent the rest of northern India, resonated with its name. “
The symbol that he became after death, and even during his lifetime, is invoked even today. Protesting farmers In the country, from Punjab and other states, they have headed towards the borders of Singhu and Tikri to commemorate the 90th day of the martyrdom of Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev. At these sites, young people have planned to hold events and share Bhagat Singh’s ideas on the well-being of farmers.
मेरा रंग दे बसंती चोला माय रंग दे
Protesting farmers ran a marathon, wearing Basanti turbans in memory of Shaheed #BhagatSingh on his Execution Day, March 23. #ShaheedDiwas# हर_किसान_ Bhagat_Singh pic.twitter.com/Xvr2YF46LU
– Aarti (@ aartic02) March 23, 2021