Love? Two? Advantage? What does this all mean?
Tennis has long had the most unique way of keeping score, and the origins of the sport’s scoring system are quite ambiguous. So if you are looking for why exactly the tennis score is so strange, you may not be satisfied with the answer, but we will give it a try.
Don’t be put off by the way tennis scoring is kept – tennis scoring is definitely unorthodox, but it’s actually pretty simple when you break it down piece by piece and point by point.
MORE: Follow the live results of the US Open 2020
How does tennis scoring work?
Tennis matches work in three phases: a game, a set, and a match.
A. play is played until a player scores four points, of which a player can win in a number of different ways (more on this below).
A. place is a collection of games, played until one player wins six games (or more).
A. match the best of three or five sets is played. Championship matches are generally played in five sets.
|Series 1||Set 2||Set 3|
In this example, Player A won the match, winning by a score of 6-4, 5-7, and 6-1. Player B won the second set by two games.
Score a game
A game is won when a player scores four (or more) points: 15, 30, 40 and the game-winning point.
If both players reach 40, then the score is called “two”. After two, a player must earn two consecutive points: the first point, known as “advantage” and the point to win the game. If the opposing player scores the next point, the game once again goes to two.
- 0 points = love
- 1 point = 15
- 2 points = 30
- 3 points = 40
- Tied score = All
- 40-40 = Deuce
- Server earns deuce point = Ad-In
- The receiver earns the deuce point = Ad-Out
Score a set
A player must win at least six games to win a place. A player must also win by two games to win the set. So if a game is played with a score of 6-5 in the set, then the leading player must win a seventh game to win the set.
The rules are a little different for tie-breaker. If a set reaches 6-6, a tiebreaker game is played to determine the winner of the set, resulting in a score of 7-6. Instead of using traditional tennis scoring, you score one, two, three, and so on. The first player to earn seven points, times two, wins the tiebreaker game and the set. However, there are different point totals for different tournaments.
Scoring the match
A match is completed (usually best of three or best of five) when a player reaches six sets and wins by at least two sets.
|Series 1||Set 2||Set 3|
In this example, Player A won the match with a score of 6-4, 5-7, and 6-1. Player B won the second set 7 to 5, reaching the sixth game first, but had to win by two games.
Tennis scoring rules
There are several ways to score a point. Among them:
- A ball that cannot be returned (the ball bounces twice);
- Double fault;
- Ace (unrecoverable service);
- Ball hit out of bounds (lines count as in);
- Ball stuck to the net.
Tennis scoring terms and what they mean
Unlike a normal 1 point or 2 runs like any other normal sport, the first three points in tennis are 15, 30 and 40.
If you are looking for a definitive answer as to why tennis uses the scoring system that it does, unfortunately there is no clear origin to the tennis scoring system as we see it today. However, there are a few different theories:
– The tennis score was “originally” kept on the watch faces, with the hands placed at the 15, 30 and 45 minute marks to keep score. The 45 minute mark was reset to 40 to account for the advantage, and the game ended at 60. Although minute hands weren’t added to clocks until the 17th century, so this is more of a theory. or an urban legend than a truth. .
– Numerical values are attached to a French game, jeu de paume, similar to tennis but played with one hand instead of a racket. The serving player would be allowed to climb 15 feet for each point scored, up to 45. The game was played on a 90-foot court. The Jeu de paume finally gave way to tennis as we know it now.
– The same can be said for the use of “love”: there is no definitive answer, but it probably comes from the phrase “l’oeuf,” which in French means “the egg”. If you’ve never seen an egg, it looks like a 0.
Tennis score after a two
If both players reach 40, this is known as two (not 40 in total). A player has to score two consecutive points to win the game following the deuce. The first point scored after two is known as “advantage.” Once a player gains an advantage, they earn their next point. If that player loses the point, then the score returns to two.
“Advantage in” is the server’s point, while “advantage out” is the player receiving the service.