In recent decades, tooth loss has continued to be a major public health problem globally. It is considered a useful indicator of the general state of oral health because it indicates the general effects of oral diseases, an individual’s behavior towards dental hygiene, accessibility to dental services and also cultural beliefs / values about oral health.
Tooth loss can be quite distressing and is considered a serious life incident that requires substantial social and psychological disruption. Tooth replacement is an art in which missing teeth are replaced by artificial teeth or dentures and there are many reasons why it is important to replace missing teeth, as shared by prosthodontic expert Dr. Anand Raj.
Wearing full dentures can make you more confident. When teeth are lost, the area of the jaw that supported those teeth begins to shrink. A prosthesis supported by a dental implant benefits by preserving the bone and shape of the jaw.
Loss of teeth can cause changes in your speech. Tooth loss affects how well you chew and what foods you can eat. It is seen that the difficulty in chewing generally leads to avoiding food; therefore, some people with missing teeth have poor nutrition, which can affect overall health.
Missing teeth can alter the bite, the way the teeth meet, and lead to problems with the jaw joint.
There are many denture / tooth replacement options available and a dentist / dental expert advises people on the best option for him / her. However, dentures are one of the most affordable removable dentures on the market and are by far the most common way most people choose to replace missing teeth. Today, one in seven adults over the age of 45 wears false teeth in India.. These dentures can be full or partial.
Full denture – Complete dentures are prepared using a plastic base that is colored to replicate the gum tissue and provides support for a complete set of plastic or porcelain teeth.
Partial denture – Partial dentures are made with a plastic base or a metal structure that supports the number of teeth that need to be replaced. It is retained in the mouth through the use of clasps and braces that fit judiciously around natural teeth.
Implant-supported prosthesis – An implant-retained overdenture is a removable dental prosthesis supported by residual oral tissues and uses dental implants for retention.
Dentures can restore or even improve a person’s appearance and be virtually untraceable. However, it takes some time to adjust to the dentures, that is, to find the best way to insert and remove the dentures or to adapt the gums. It is important to visit the dentist frequently during the first weeks of denture placement, so that the parts of the denture that irritate the oral tissues can be adjusted.
The fit of dentures may differ from person to person and some users of dentures with heavily resorbed ridges may face discomfort and embarrassment due to their poorly fitting dentures. A denture fixative or adhesive offers a good fit and comfort to denture wearers. Denture fixatives / adhesives are agents that easily adhere to both the surface of the denture tissue and the gums. When saliva mixes with the adhesive material, it expands and plugs the spaces between the denture base and the gum tissue, providing good retention force. Denture fixatives result in the following:
* Reduction of the movement of the teeth and improvement of the chewing function.
* Increased maximum bite force, retention and stability.
* Development of oral hygiene for users of dentures by reducing or preventing dental plaque.
* Decrease in irritation of the mucous membranes due to the reduction of food entrapment under the base of the teeth.
* Allows the psychological well-being of the user of the denture.
Age, gender, occupation, socioeconomic background, and literacy are important factors in the need for dentures from one patient to another. However, tooth replacement is only successful when the patient is motivated and informed about the various prosthetics available, their use and maintenance. Daily maintenance of oral hygiene, cleaning and proper use of dentures, use of denture fixatives / adhesives are a lifetime commitment. While it may sound a bit tedious, nothing beats a beautiful yet hygienic smile.