Of the many health problems that affect women around the world, PCOD / PCOD has become quite common. But because there is little knowledge about how to live with the condition, seek treatment, etc., many women are unable to lead healthy lives.
Dr. Sushma Tomar, OB / GYN consultant at Fortis Hospital, Kalyan says these conditions bring complications that impair the quality of life for young women.
But what is the difference between PCOS and PCOD?
“In women with PCOS, their ovaries produce higher levels of androgens, which interferes with the development and release of eggs. Some of the eggs develop into cysts, which are small fluid-filled sacs. Instead of being released during ovulation, these cysts accumulate in the ovaries and sometimes even enlarge, ”explains the doctor.
“PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a condition in which the ovaries release many immature or partially mature eggs, which eventually turn into cysts. Some of the common symptoms are abdominal weight gain, irregular periods, hair loss from male pattern and infertility. In this condition, the ovaries are generally enlarged and secrete large amounts of androgens that can wreak havoc on a woman’s fertility and her body, “he adds.
How to manage them?
Dr. Tomar says that obesity is recognized as a major contributing factor in these conditions. “So diet control, exercise and monitored weight loss are the first line of treatment. Even a 10 percent weight loss helps control hormonal imbalance and bring body mass index to <25. This also improves menstrual disorders, infertility, insulin resistance, hirsutism, and acne. "
It should be understood that PCOS / PCOS is not a disease, but rather a “hormonal imbalance, where male dominant hormones increase, so oral contraceptive pills can control these hormonal changes.”
“Hormonal changes cause abnormal uterine bleeding, prolonged periods, and anovulation (lack of ovulation). For endometrial hyperplasia, an endometrial biopsy must sometimes be done. For young women with infertility, ovulation induction is done with hormones. Sometimes, if the person does not respond to the medicine, a laparoscopic ovarian drilling is done. There are rare cases where if weight loss is not possible with diet and exercise, bariatric surgery is prescribed. Anti-androgen drugs are used for cosmetic purposes in patients with hirsutism. The laser is also used for hair removal ”, explains the doctor.
Ultimately, eating right and “avoiding certain carbohydrates and fats can help control symptoms.” “Try to eat whole foods that do not contain sugar, hormones, or preservatives; Fruits, vegetables, whole grains and legumes should be preferred. Also, plant-based proteins and high unprocessed carbohydrates can improve insulin sensitivity. Try to consume more fiber in your diet, reduce the consumption of coffee. Add soy, turmeric, cinnamon, vitamin D3, calcium, zinc, primosa oil, and cod liver oil to your diet, ”suggests Dr. Tomar.