Your Monday Briefing – The New York Times

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Good morning. We are covering up a deal at COP26, rising tensions on the Polish-Belarusian border, and a US military cover-up in Syria.

On Saturday, diplomats from nearly 200 countries reached an agreement do more to combat climate change. Signed at the COP26 summit in Glasgow, the pact urged rich nations to at least “double” funding to protect poor nations from the dangers of a warmer planet.

The pact also states that all nations will have to cut their carbon dioxide emissions in half this decade to keep warming below 1.5 degrees Celsius, or 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit, from pre-industrial levels. He called on governments to return next year with stronger plans to cut emissions. And it is the first global climate agreement to explicitly mention the need to limit fossil fuels. Here are the key points.

However, the pact still leaves developing countries very short of the funds they need to build cleaner energy and cope with extreme weather conditions. And it leaves unresolved how the burden of those cuts will be shared and what action is expected from individual nations.

Next steps: The programs The architects hope the deal will show governments and businesses that more ambitious action is inevitable, allowing civil society groups and lawmakers to move to cleaner energy sources.

Thousands of migrants, mostly from the Middle East, have limited food, water or electricity to charge their phones as temperatures drop to dangerous levels. Poland said at least nine died there; Belarus has not released any details. Watch the video of the scene.

The crisis was planned by the country’s strongman leader, Aleksandr Lukashenko. Belarus relaxed visa rules. The state airline has increased flights from the Middle East to Minsk, the capital. Then, Belarusian security forces ferried the new arrivals to the border and, the migrants say, provided them with wire cutters to cross the fences.

European leaders characterized the move as a cynical ploy to punish the blockade. Now, troop movements a stalemate with chilling echoes of the Cold War.

Analyses: Europe has long paid other nations to keep refugees from its borders, writes our columnist. This is given to peripheral countries, the lever to use migrants as pawns.

Global impact: Sulaimaniya, in the Iraqi Kurdistan region, has turned into a lively port of departure. The bazaars are teeming with sales of winter clothes, as travel agents sell around 100 packages a week for trips to Belarus.

The last one: Hoping to stem the flow of migrants, Dubai has banned Iraqi and Syrian passengers from the trip to Minsk.


The military hid an air strike which killed dozens of Syrian civilians in 2019, at the end of the battle against the Islamic State.

An American attack jet dropped a 500-pound bomb on a large crowd of women and children. Then, a jet chasing the crowd dropped two 2,000-pound bombs, killing most of the survivors. The Times reported the details for the first time.

At almost every step, the military has made moves that have concealed or minimized the catastrophic attack, one of the largest civilian casualties of the war.

A legal official pointed to the attack as a possible war crime that required an investigation, but the military never conducted an independent investigation. The independent Inspector General of the Department of Defense initiated an investigation, but the report containing the findings was blocked and deprived of any mention of the strike.

Details: The Times investigation found that an American special operations unit, Task Force 9, had called the bombing. The task force – which was responsible for ground operations in Syria – operated in such secrecy that it did not always inform its military partners of its actions as well.

Asia

Chen Nianxi, a miner who has become a celebrated poet, is a pioneering voice in a new Chinese genre: “literature on migrant workers. “A voice of the country’s often invisible workers, he is trapped between his old life and his new one.

“Before there was bread or pasta, much less meat or fish, there was rice”, writes Hanya Yanagihara in the magazine T. Although rice has origins in both Asia and Africa, it is difficult to find a culture who did not own the food: fried, pureed, roasted, baked or burned. And so, by the number of T’s winter travels, writers explored the world through wheat. Some highlights:

Senegal, which consumes more rice per capita than nearly any other African nation, is trying to resurrect homegrown varieties.

Mansaf, a plate of lamb and rice, is a national symbol in Jordan and a taste of home for Suburban Detroit Arab-American diaspora.

In Mexico, rice arrived through the Spanish conquest, making its presence there inextricable from colonialism.

And when browned in the bottom of a saucepan, rice becomes a treasure appreciated by food cultures in Iran, Vietnam, Philippines and elsewhere.

What to cook

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